Patients will continue to turn to you with questions about daily low-dose aspirin for cardiovascular protection.
They're seeing headlines that fewer patients should take aspirin...based on new Am College of Cardiology and Am Heart Assn guidelines.
Be ready with answers.
Should I take daily aspirin for heart protection? It depends...consider the patient's CV history.
Continue to give aspirin 81 mg/day for SECONDARY prevention...such as for patients who've had an MI or stroke, angina, or peripheral artery disease. Tell these patients that aspirin can be lifesaving...and CV benefits clearly outweigh bleeding risks.
But don't routinely recommend aspirin for PRIMARY prevention...even for patients with diabetes or multiple CV risks.
Explain this is a big change in thinking...based on recent evidence.
For example, in primary prevention patients with diabetes, aspirin's CV benefits are nearly a "wash" compared to bleeding risk.
And risk exceeds benefit in patients over 70, since bleeding risk goes up with age...and those with prior GI bleed, anticoagulant use, etc.
Clarify that even low-dose aspirin, 81 mg/day, can lead to bleeding.
Also dispel the myth that enteric-coated or buffered aspirin causes less GI bleeding...this risk is mainly due to aspirin's systemic effects.
Steer patients to other CV prevention strategies...such as lifestyle changes, smoking cessation, and managing BP, lipids, and diabetes.
Can I stop aspirin if I don't have a CV history? Yes...for most primary prevention patients. Help evaluate risks and weigh preferences.
Ask patients if they're taking aspirin on their own.
If so, share the evidence and your recommendations. Provide our handout, Aspirin and Your Heart, to guide a dialogue about stopping.
Explain aspirin doesn't need to be tapered...its antiplatelet effect essentially self-tapers as new platelets are made. And bleeding risk in primary prevention likely outweighs any possible risk of "rebound" events.
Find more answers in our chart, The Truth About Aspirin.
- Circulation Published online Mar 17, 2019; doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000678
- JAMA 2019;321(3):277-87
- N Engl J Med 2018;379(16):1529-39
- Lancet 2018;392(10152):1036-46
- Chart: The Truth About Aspirin
- Patient Education: Aspirin and Your Heart
- Guideline: Guideline on Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, 2019 ACC/AHA